Selection criteria

For an individual to participate in an intervention they must meet Shift’s specific set of selection criteria. This is to ensure that individuals who are at imminent risk of committing an act of violence, or who fall under the scope of law enforcement are not program participants. It will also ensure that individuals who are legally expressing radical views or opinions but are not deemed to be at risk of engaging in violence are not the subject of an intervention either. Shift recognizes and affirms all individuals’ rights to private thought, opinions, and freedom of speech and expression as outlined in the Canadian Constitution and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.


A standard referral form is available to organizations involved in Shift Hubs. This form will assist these organizations in determining whether the individual meets the criteria required to be a participant. Referring organizations can either be public bodies or non-public bodies. Shift does not accept referrals from members of the public.


Shift recognizes that individuals vulnerable to radicalization to violence do not have one single profile, or are limited to a single group, social class, religion, culture, ethnicity, gender identity, age group or worldview. The Shift program is intended for individuals engaging with any manifestation of violent extremism and is not focused on or targeting one specific group, demographic, or ideology.

Informed consent

Mandatory participation is not only outside of the Program’s jurisdiction, but also counter to the spirit of Shift, which is intended to be collaborative and empowering, not adversarial or punitive.

Protection of information

Participants provide informed consent/authorization before relevant personal information can be shared with the Shift Hub. Additionally, any information about Shift participants is shared through a modified version of the ‘four-filter’ process that is used in most applications of the Hub model. Program assessment data is aggregated.